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国际象棋必知英语词汇(九)

发表人:HI_CHESS  发表日期:2019-4-5  来自:上海市  浦东  分类:本站新闻

Discovered attack 闪击战术

Discovered check 闪将


In chess, a discovered attack is an attack revealed when one piece moves out of the way of another. Discovered attacks can be extremely powerful, as the piece moved can make a threat independently of the piece it reveals. Like many chess tactics, they succeed because the opponent is unable to meet two threats at once. While typically the consequence of a discovered attack is the gain of material, they do not have to do this to be effective; the tactic can be used merely to gain a tempo. If the discovered attack is a check, it is called a discovered check and is more often.



reveal 暴露

meet two threats 面对两个威胁

gain of material  获得子力(得子)


Examples:


1. Gain of material (通过闪击得子例)



1. Rxd6 Qe4 



1.Nxe5 Rd8


2. Threat (通过威胁杀王得子)


1.Rxf6 gxf6 2. Qxg1


White plays a sacrifice 1.Rxf6, threating next move Rxf8 mate, so black is forced to play gxf6 and will lose his queen on g1.



3.  With a check (在牵涉到将军的例子)




1.Bd4 Kd7 2.Bxg1



1.Bxa7   Kxa7 2.Rxh3



Notice the difference between above two examples : 


In the first, the uncovered piece checks the King. This is a discovered check. In the second, the moving piece delivered check. This is a discovered attack. The naming isn't really important. What matters is that you understand the difference between the two patterns.


在牵涉到将军情况下,上述第一例,由未闪开的子将军,闪开的子攻击得子,称为闪将;第二例,由闪开的子去将军,未闪开的子攻击得子,为闪击。

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